While your first place for burn alerts is the work environment, with Spring and Summer approaching so is the time for hot grills and overheated radiators. Here’s what to look for, and how to treat burns.
First-degree burns are red and painful. They swell a little. They turn white when you press on the skin. Pain is present. Treat with cold running water (not ice) and aloe-vera or anti-bacterial cream.
Thicker burns, called second- degree burns, have blisters and are painful. The skin is very red or splotchy, it is painful, and may swell a lot. Treat with cold running water (not ice) and antibiotic ointment.If a first- or second-degree burn covers an area larger than 2 to 3 inches in diameter, you should see a doctor right away.
Third-degree burns cause damage to all layers of the skin. The burned skin looks white or charred. These burns may cause little or no pain because the nerves in the skin are damaged. For third-degree burns, go to the hospital right away. Don’t take off any clothing that is stuck to the burn. Don’t soak the burn in water or apply any ointment. You can cover the burn with a sterile bandage or clean cloth until you receive medical assistance.
Electrical burns (for example, from a power line) Go to the hospital right away. Electrical burns often cause serious injury inside the body. This injury may not show on the skin.
Chemical burns: should be washed with large amounts of water. Take off any clothing that has the chemical on it. Don’t put anything on the burned area. This might start a chemical reaction that could make the burn worse. If you don’t know what to do, call 9-1-1 or see your doctor right away.